Netherlands contributes $6 million to FAO for emergency and resilience response in South Sudan

he Ambassador of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Geert Geut, and the Representative of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in South Sudan, Serge Tissot, signed an arrangement for a contribution of $6 million by the Netherlands to FAO on Friday 10 November, for the pool-funded Emergency Livelihood and Resilience Programme in South Sudan in 2018.

The programme aims to increase 3.9 million peoples’ abilities to produce their own food by providing them with fishing, crop- and vegetable-growing kits. Over 80 percent of South Sudanese solely depend on agriculture for their livelihood, yet a lack of proper fishing equipment, quality seeds and planting materials severely constrains yields. By saving livelihoods, lives are saved.

Livestock, particularly cattle, goats and sheep are an important social and economic asset in South Sudan, and under this programme FAO will protect these assets through the vaccination and treatment campaign targeting up to 7.4 million animals.

“We are very honoured to receive this generous donation by the Government of the Netherlands, which comes at a critical time for the people of South Sudan,” said Serge Tissot, FAO Representative in South Sudan. “Our latest assessments show that in 2018 FAO must respond to the highest levels of food insecurity ever reported, making this funding critical.”

The households targeted with this funding will hail from the most food insecure regions, specifically those residing in areas which are classified according to the internationally-agreed scale as having Emergency, Crisis and Famine levels of food insecurity.

The latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification report released this week indicates 4.8 million people are experiencing acute food insecurity, of which 25 000 people are facing catastrophic conditions of food insecurity in two counties: Wau and Ayod.

“Netherlands is very pleased to contribute, with other donors, to this programme, as it is an important element in our collective effort to improve food security in South Sudan” says Geert Geut, Ambassador of the Netherlands to South Sudan. “The programme will work with 650 000 households throughout the country and help farmers, livestock keepers and fishermen, many of them women, to survive and create a decent source of living again.”

With this generous contribution from the Government of the Kingdom of Netherlands – along with contributions from UKAID, USAID/OFDA, Norway, World Bank, SSHF and the Vatican – FAO’s Emergency Livelihood and Resilience Programme in South Sudan is 28 percent funded. FAO still requires USD 45 million in additional funding for the programme in 2018 to meet its targets.

For more information, contact:

Mabior Mach, Communication Officer in Juba,
Tel: 0955094681/0928892226
Email: Mabior.Mach@fao.org

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South Sudan boosts Polio immunization coverage on the World Polio Day to keep the disease at bay

No child anywhere should suffer from Polio a completely preventable disease.

The Ministry of Health of South Sudan, in collaboration with WHO and partners celebrated the World Polio day with various activities that included radio talk shows, road walks, community mobilization and provision of Polio vaccination to children under five.

Although South Sudan has not reported any case of indigenous wild poliovirus since 2009, it is still considered at risk of polio due to sub-national surveillance and immunization gaps, insecurity and population movements. Polio eradication remains a priority for WHO and partners.

To mark the World Polio Day, various states used this opportunity to raise awareness on the importance of polio immunization towards the eradication efforts. Government and community leaders took centre stage, mobilized communities, and health workers provided polio immunization services despite the challenging circumstances in some locations.

Some activities in states such as Central Upper Nile where the Governor, Hon James Tor Monybuny used this occasion to advocate to parents to take their children for immunization services and also avail their children for the 3rd round of the National Immunization Days; while in Jonglei State the Minister of Health Hon. Angok Gordon Kuol, joined by the representatives of the State Government, line ministries, World Health Organization, UNICEF and other partners, celebrated the World Polio day and also flagged off the 3rd round of the NIDs. For Central Equatoria the Government led by the Director for Preventive and Curative Medicine, Dr Paul Tigwa, hosted the Gurei community where the importance of the Polio immunization was discussed with over 300 caregivers in attendance. In Torit Eastern Equatoria State, the State EPI team and partners embarked on health talks in the major hospitals sensitizing over 150 mothers on the importance of immunization after which their children were vaccinated.

Some caregivers such as Deborah Kech, a 23 years mother of 2 weeks old infant in Langbaar residential area in Bor, after the health talk promised to ensure that the infant and other children would receive their full vaccination on schedule.

‘The country continues to maintain the AFP surveillance indicators and recently South Sudan commenced on environmental surveillance’, noted Dr Sylvester Maleghemi the WHO EPI team lead. He emphasized the need for parents and caretakers to take their children for immunization during the 3rd round NIDs in October, 2017 where over 3 million under 5 children will be targeted, noting that NIDs should in no way replace the routine immunization as other vaccines including Polio are given.

WHO and partners will continue to strengthen the AFP surveillance system and increase immunization coverage as a strategy to ensure that South Sudan sustains the Polio free status.

For Additional Information or to Request Interviews, Please contact:
Dr Sylvester Maleghemi

Tel: +211 956 779 467
Email: maleghemis@who.int

Ms Luwaga Liliane Christine

Communications Officer
Mobile: +211 (0) 954800817
Email: luwagal@who.int

WHO and the Ministry of Health strategize for the next five years to improve the immunization system in South Sudan

An effective, evenly targeted immunization programme and its ability to reduce the burden of vaccine-preventable diseases (VPDs) will greatly contribute to achieving the Sustainable Development Goal 3 (ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages) that aims to end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age to at least as low as 12 per 1000 live births and 25 per 1000 live births respectively.

The benefits of vaccination have been comprehensively proven; however, disparities in coverage persist because of poor health system management, limited resources, and parental knowledge and attitudes.

To identify the strategic directions required to bridge the gaps in low uptake of vaccination and related inequities, WHO South Sudan in partnership with the MoH, UNICEF and other partners gathered from 17 to 20 October 2017 to analyze the current situation based on the recommendations of the just ended comprehensive Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) and Vaccine Preventable Diseases (VPD) Surveillance review.

The experts from the immunization programme discussed key strategies related to programme management, service delivery, vaccines, cold chain and logistics, communication and social mobilization, surveillance as well as data quality improvement to develop the comprehensive Multi-Year Plan for 2018 – 2022 (cMYP). The cMYP is the strategic plan for the National Immunization programme.

Dr. Samson Baba, Special Advisor to the Minister of Health acknowledged the role of WHO and partners’ in supporting immunisation system improvement efforts. The Government remains commitment to the Addis Abba Declaration, and related strategic documents in Africa and Globally, underscored Dr Baba. There is need to provide actionable strategies noting the challenges currently faced by the health sector. We need partners support to keep the communities resilient to continue providing immunisation services to the women and children.

The process will also culminate in addressing associated health system gaps including human resources and immunization financings. Strategies for mobilizing resources to increase coverage and at the same time build reserved capacities to sustain achievements gained would be identified and planned for the next 5 years.

“ In line with the Health Sector Policy and Strategy, the National Immunisation programme needs to Identify and plan for effective strategies necessary to optimize uptake of vaccination in the next five years”, said Mr Kofi Boateng, WHO EPI Focal Point.

Vaccination has been described as one of the greatest public health achievements of the twentieth century and is widely seen as a worthwhile and cost-effective public health measure.

“South Sudan requires huge investments and sacrifices to ensure that women and children are reached with potent vaccines” Dr. Petu Amos

Many children are still not reached with potent vaccines due to the weak and fragile nature of the health system.

“Vaccinations are important to protect children from potentially serious and preventable diseases, said Mr Evans Liyosi, WHO Representative a.i. to South Sudan. WHO is committed to work with the MoH and partners to maximize routine vaccination uptake.

The Ministry of Health with support from WHO and partners conducted the comprehensive EPI and VPD surveillance review from 25 September to 5 October 2017.

For Additional Information or to Request Interviews, Please contact:
Mr Kofi Boateng

Tel: +211 955 026 052

Email: boatengko@who.int

Ms Jemila M. Ebrahim

Tel: +211 950 450 007
Email: ebrahimj@who.int

 

Medical supplies allocated to flood affected areas being dispatched to partners. Photo WHO_0

WHO and partners respond to flood crises in the former Northern Bahr el Ghazal and Upper Nile States of South Sudan

18 September 2017, Juba – The World Health Organization (WHO) in partnership with the Ministry of Health and partners are scaling up the emergency response in the flood affected areas of Aweil West and Aweil North Counties of former Norther Bahr el Ghazal State, and Maban County of former Upper Nile State.

As part of the health cluster response, WHO delivered lifesaving medical supplies to the communities affected by the heavy rainfall and subsequent flooding.  The lifesaving health supplies will benefit 10 000 people living in areas deeply affected by the heavy rainfall in parts Northern Bahr el Ghazal and Upper Nile States of South Sudan for the next three months.

The supplies include 10 basic unit kits and 10 pneumonia kits for management of common illness. The supplies were deployed along with Medical Mobile Team (MMT) to support other health partners in management of common illnesses to reduce excess mortality and morbidity and build the capacity of partners in early case detection of outbreak prone diseases.
“Building the capacity of partners, increasing human resource and medical supplies are vital in such acute emergencies since it increases access to quality health care services to the affected population” said Mr Evans Liyosi, WHO Representative a.i to South Sudan.

According to the State Ministry of Health, it is estimated that over 119 000 people have been affected due to flooding triggered by the heavy rainfall in 11 payams of Aweil North and Aweil West of former Northern Bahr el Ghazal State. More flooding also caused some deaths and injuries and has deeply affected the daily lives of over 650 households in eight villages of Bunj payam, Maban County, Upper Nile State.

The risk of water-borne disease in the wake of the floods is real; a cholera epidemic has already affected thousands of people, causing over 355 reported deaths said Dr Allan Mpairwe, WHO Health Security and Emergency Officer. We have to act very fast to avoid the spread of water-borne diseases and the transmission of vector-borne diseases such as malaria, Dr Mpairwe underscored.
The floods have also destroyed roads, schools, homes, crops and vegetables all over the affected areas.  This means the situation will get worse, with more people needing temporary housing and urgent humanitarian help.

WHO will continue to strengthen its humanitarian support in coordination with the Ministry of Health and partners to save the lives of the vulnerable community, Mr Liyosi added.

For Additional Information or to Request Interviews, Please contact:

Dr Allan Mpairwe

Email: mpairwea@who.int
Tel: , +211 955 372 370
Ms Jemila M. Ebrahim
Tel: +211 950 450 007
Email: ebrahimj@who.int
Ms Luwaga Liliane
+211 954 800817
Email: luwagal@who.int

UN Sports Day in Pictures

On September 16, UN agencies in South Sudan participated in a competitive sports day event at UNMISS Tongping compound in Juba. Sports activities included football, Basketball, Volleyball, races, tag of peace, among others.

Below are some moments captured during the event.

Team UNFPA
UNFPA’s Football Team
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A WHO staff celebrates a goal.
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A runner from the China Battalion of UNMISS
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UNDP’s Volleyball Team during the sports day
Team UNICEF
UNICEF staff celebrate a win.
Team UN Women
UN Women team at the event.

 

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WHO provides lifesaving treatment for severely malnourished children with medical complication in South Sudan

To respond to the grave food security and address the alarming nutritional emergency in children, WHO has intensified its response focusing on inpatient therapeutic nutrition programs, through the distribution of essential medicines. In June 2017, WHO distributed 50 sever acute malnutrition (SAM) kits, to treat over 2 500 children suffering from SAM with medical complications. The SAM kits were dispatched to 13 hospitals, 25 primary health care centers and 2 health facilities in the Protection of Civilians (PoCs) supporting Inpatient Therapeutic Programs (ITP) in the Greater Equatoria Regions, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Unity, Upper Nile and Jonglei and Counties with high prevalence of Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) to provide sustainable lifesaving interventions.

“Severe acute malnutrition is the most extreme and visible form of under nutrition, which exposes  children to a high risk of mortality. Its face is a very frail child who need immediate care.” said Ms Marina Adrianopoli, Technical Officer for Nutrition at the WHO South Sudan. Children who have medical problems and do not have an appetite need urgent treatment to survive. The provision of SAM kit is a key  and innovative strategy to support stabilization centers with quality and standard set of medicines , to manage medical complications linked  to SAM in children. This ensures continuum of care in the context of Community Management of Acute Malnutrition, Ms Adrianopoli added.

The nutrition situation in many parts of South Sudan remains critical with a global acute malnutrition (GAM) rate above the WHO 15 per cent emergency threshold. Of greatest concern is Unity state, with central and southern Unity projected to experience extremely critical levels of acute malnutrition. As of June 2017, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) is estimated to raise to 6 million, out of which 45 000 are facing catastrophic conditions and extreme food and nutrition insecurity, particularly in parts of Unity and Jonglei States.

WHO’s SAM kit is designed for the management of medical complications from severe malnutrition for 50 children for around 3 months. The kit meant to be used by trained health workers in health facilities, contains medicines including antibiotics, antimalarials, treatment for diarrhoea, diagnostic kits for diseases like malaria, and supplies including thermometers, gloves and syringes. South Sudan has been the first country in the world to introduce the use of the kit.

“SAM kits were provided thanks to funding from the South Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) and Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)” said Dr Abdulmumini Usman, WHO Representative to South Sudan. “SAM is a life threatening condition and requires urgent medical treatment to save the child’s life.  The provision of appropriate and cost effective SAM kits in conjunction with therapeutic food is vital to manage complications caused due to severe malnutrition.” Dr Usman underscored. WHO will continue to work with the Ministry of Health and partners to improve the health and wellbeing of the population, especially children with sever acute malnutrion.

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UNHCR trains Government officials on Human Rights and Refugee Protection

The United Nations Refugee Agency, UNHCR in cooperation with the Commission for Refugee Affairs (CRA), organised in Juba a two-day workshop with government officials in a bid to sensitise them on human rights and refugee protection. The 45 participants included representatives of the local Governments, County Commissioners, law enforcement authorities from the police and immigration, national security services, judiciary, the Human Rights Commission, CRA and UNHCR field offices.

The workshop brought together, likely for the first time, these high level government officials who constructively exchanged ideas and views which can hopefully address relevant issues especially at the refugee camp level.

It aimed at strengthening their knowledge and awareness further on the fundamentals of refugee protection, documentation issued to asylum-seekers/refugees, detention, court practices in South Sudan and others which impact the lives of refugees who are temporarily present in the country.

UNHCR has applauded the Open Door policy of the Government of South Sudan for refugees. Being at the helm of protecting refugees in the country, national authorities need to be effective in their responses to concerns that arise. It is hoped that the workshop have further equipped the participants in developing action plans that are in line with relevant international norms and standards, in particular, for ensuring the civilian and humanitarian character of refugee camps as well humanitarian settlements, and enhancing the rule of law in the latter.

The commitment to refugee protection is based on principles underpinning the 1969 Organisation of African Union (OAU) Convention, to which South Sudan is a signatory, as well as 1951 UN Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol.

“Protection of refugees is primarily the responsibility of states. This notwithstanding, UNHCR has supported and cooperated closely with states as partners in carrying out refugee protection. South Sudan is always responsive in carrying out its obligations on refugee protection”, said Maria Corinna Miguel-Quicho, UNHCR Assistant Representative for Protection in South Sudan.

It is hoped that the learning, sharing, and networking that took place during the workshop will contribute to enhancing protection of asylum-seekers and refugees residing in camp and urban locations in South Sudan.

UNHCR works with the Government of South Sudan and its partners in providing protection and assistance to over 270,000 refugees in Greater Upper Nile and Greater Equatoria.  It is also part of the inter-agency response to the needs of nearly 2 million internally displaced people in the country.

For further information, please contact:

Richard Ruati, Assistant External Relations Officer | Mobile +211 927 725 515 | Email ruati@unhcr.org

Photo Credit and caption: ©UNHCR/Richard Lou-Angelous – 45 participants of the two-day workshop at Juba Grand Hotel in Juba

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WHO in collaboration with the Ministry of health rolls out Mental Health Gap Humanitarian Intervention Guide to increase coverage of mental health care in South Sudan

The prolonged crises and displacement in South Sudan is negatively impacting the mental health and well-being of everyone affected and can have immediate as well as long-term consequences for individuals, families and communities.

To establish services for people with mental disorders at primary health care (PHC) level, WHO in collaboration with the Ministry of Health has initiated the process to roll-out and adapt Mental Health Gap Humanitarian Intervention Guide (mhGAP HIG) to the context of South Sudan.

mhGAP HIG  is a clinical tool that aims to support non-specialist health care providers to assess and manage mental, neurological and substance use conditions in areas affected by humanitarian emergencies where access to specialists and treatment options is limited.

The objective of the implementation of the mhGAP HIG is to scale up evidence based services and improve the quality of life of people with common and severe mental health conditions in South Sudan as well as strengthen the provision of mental health and psychosocial support in line with international standards.

“In emergencies, people are affected in different ways and require different kinds of support”, said Dr Abdulmumini Usman, the World Health Organization Representative to South Sudan. “Promoting and adapting the key principles in the field of mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) activities are vital to improve the psychosocial well-being of persons of concern”.

The crisis in South Sudan has exposed the limited capacity of the country’s mental health system.  The available resources are scarce and cannot meet the need of populations affected by the current emergency.

To provide clinical care with follow-up for both severe and common mental disorders, WHO in partnership with the Ministry of Health trained 25 health care workers from the Ministry of Health, national and international organizations on mhGA-HIG. The five day Training of Trainers (ToT) and supervisors strengthens their clinical skills and enables them, in turn, to provide on job training and supervise general health care staff across the country to assist people with mental disorders.

In a situation of overwhelming needs and scarce resources, “practice-oriented mental health trainings for general health workers and ongoing clinical supervision in the basic health care system will lead to substantially increased access to basic mental health care services”, Dr Usman added. As we progress, WHO will continue to provide technical support to the Ministry of Health to ensure that delivery of mental health services are strengthened to assist those who experienced mass violence and trauma due to the conflict.

People living with mental, neurological and substance use conditions are representing an extremely vulnerable group during crisis. It is estimated that less than 3% of those with severe mental disorders are able to receive services in South Sudan.

WHO is appealing to the international community for further resources to urgently scale up services for people with mental neurological and substance use conditions to various geographical locations across the country.

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For more information please contact:

Dr Joseph Lou Kenyi Mogga, +211 955 499 750, moggaj@who.int

Ms Jemila M. Ebrahim, +211 950 450 007, ebrahimj@who.int

JIP

South Sudan Celebrates First Graduation of 1,147 Joint Integrated Police

Photo: UNMISS

The Republic of South Sudan (RoSS), led by H.E. President Salva Kiir Mayardit, celebrated the first graduation of 1,147 Joint Integrated Police (JIP) at the Juba Stadium on Saturday 17 June 2017 to fulfill the Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCISS), August 2015 Chapter Two, Article Five. The training programme included field and practical training by SSNPS, and a five-week training programme provided by the UN in theory and practical sessions on policing, human rights, trust and confidence building, policing strategies, community policing and trauma management.

President of the Republic of South Sudan H.E. Salva Kiir presided over the graduation ceremony, which was attended by the First Vice President H.E. Taban Deng Gai, Hon. Chief Justice Chan Reec Madut, Minister of Interior Hon. Michael Chiengjiek Gai, Special Representative of the Secretary General David Shearer, United Nations Development Programme Country Director Kamil Kamaluddeen, senior members of the diplomatic community, and senior security leadership of South Sudan.

Speaking to the general public during the graduation, H. E. Salva Kiir told the JIP graduates that their major responsibility is the security in Juba. “We want you to secure Juba because there is doubt from our civilians, and this is why we want it to have a national character by paying attention to Juba/Nimule road, and criminals who attack women in our communities,” the president stated.

“I take this opportunity to congratulate all the JIP personnel for successfully completing the training. You have the opportunity now to take these training aids and help build this nation in peace,” said First Vice President H.E. Taban Deng Gai.

The First Vice President stressed that the JIP is composed of personnel from all ethnicities and also has prioritized gender balance. They need to work together so that all people feel secure, and encourage female JIP officers who will be on patrol to protect women from sexual violence.

Speaking at the graduation the SRSG Mr. David Shearer said “the UN family in South Sudan has supported the development of the JIP in line with UN mandate and the mission to protect civilians and build a durable peace. For example, the UN engineers have assisted with road maintenance to Dr. John Garang Training Academy in Rajaf and renovated training facilities at the police academy. Importantly, UNMISS and UNDP have provided training to 1,147 JIP recruits on the most fundamental aspects of a professional and accountable police: human rights, trust and confidence building, community policing and trauma management.”

The SRSG emphasised that UNDP, with support from the Government of Japan, provided the JIP uniforms that JIP personnel proudly wear for display.

“This uniform is not just your work attire – it represents something larger and more fundamental: it distinguishes you from the civilian on the street, and from other security services. Your uniform signifies that you are a servant of justice, law and order,” said Mr. Shearer.

SRSG cautioned them as JIP officers, they are the vanguard of impartiality. Therefore, they must be impartial providers of safety, security and justice, because they have taken an oath to protect the sovereign rights of all the people of South Sudan.

The SRSG urged JIP officers to inspire confidence in the communities they will serve, to protect women at the market places, the shopkeepers and the school children should feel safe in coming to them for help as peace ambassadors.

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WHO strengthens surveillance, alert and response using an innovative electronic system in South Sudan

In collaboration with the Ministry of Health, the World Health Organization (WHO) has rolled out an electronic surveillance system called Early Warning, Alert and Response System (EWARS) to enhance the collection, management and analysis of Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) data.

The overall objective of the web based system is to overcome the reporting challenges of the transmission of paper-based standardized data tools and strengthen surveillance and response capacities and ultimately reduce morbidity and mortality from epidemic prone diseases as well as other public health events.

The system is designed for real-time information sharing using mobile phones and triggers automated alerts when disease thresholds are exceeded and are received by email, on the phone and within the application.  It allows prompt response and documents the results of risk assessments and outbreak investigations. The system also permits Epidemiological Bulletins and other information products to be published automatically.

“EWARS is a project led by the WHO Health Emergencies Programme (WHE). It can be deployed immediately after the onset of an outbreak and rapidly configured with minimal expertise,” said Dr Joseph Wamala, Epidemiologist, WHO Country Office South Sudan. “It is designed for frontline users, and built to operate in difficult and remote environments.”

Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strengthening Since 2006, South Sudan has implemented the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy with WHO’s technical support and United States Agency for International Development (USAID) financial commitment.  The IDSR strategy provides a framework for strengthening the national disease surveillance system in compliance with the International Health Regulations (IHR) 2005 core capacity requirements. In 2015, the EWARS supported by the European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO), was introduced to complement and enhance IDSR effectiveness in the conflict-affected States.

“Strengthening surveillance is one of the key objectives of WHO’s strategic and operational response plan in South Sudan,” said Dr Abdulmumini Usman, the WHO Representative to South Sudan. “Since 2013, the implementation of the EWARS project in conflict affected areas supported the three key functions of IDSR: Surveillance, Alert and Outbreak Response,” Dr Usman added.

A total of 108 alerts were investigated in 2017, out of which 18 outbreaks were confirmed and effectively responded to. Theses outbreaks include cholera, measles and chickenpox.

To improve IDSR performance and roll-out the system to other States in the country especially famine and cholera affected areas, WHO in collaboration with the Ministry of Health trained 80 County (district) surveillance officers. Each was provided with a mobile phone with the EWARS application installed, allowing them to submit IDSR reports immediately to State and National level and verify any alerts that are triggered. Surveillance officers from 10 hubs were also trained on the laptop version of the application, so they can closely monitor performance in each county and support risk assessment and outbreak investigations where needed.

EWARS also supports active reporting during disease outbreaks, and is being used to report case-based cholera data in all counties affected by the ongoing outbreak.  With immediate effect, this allows counties to report cholera cases using mobile phones and then view and analyse the results in real-time at County, State and National level.

A single IDSR bulletin is now published by the system each week – integrating data from surveillance, alert and response, and presenting the results in automated tables, graphs and maps. This is crucial to permit Ministry of Health and WHO to effectively lead the response to the cholera outbreak and other health emergencies.

The second phase of the roll-out of the project is planned for August-September, where support will be decentralized further down to health facility level. It will also see the integration of the public health laboratory network as well as integration with other sources of data including nutritional surveillance, acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) and measles case-based surveillance; and community based integrated disease surveillance.

Related links:

More information on the EWARS project can be found at http://ewars-project.org or by writing to info@ewars.ws

For more information please contact:

Dr Wamala Joseph Francis, +211955036445, wamalaj@who.int

Dr Christopher Haskew, +41 22 791 32 36, haskewc@who.int

Ms Jemila M. Ebrahim, +211950450007, ebrahimj@who.int